A wide variety of equipment and products are required based on the industries and operations of a particular farm. The agricultural industry has experienced a drastic reduction in terms of labor requirements, due to mechanization improvements and advancements.
In the near future, further labor reductions are expected as automation and digitization yield more efficiencies and development. Agriculture is not only essential, but itâs equally necessary. It is the cultivation of animals, plants and other life forms for food, fiber and other products used to sustain life, improving our lifestyle.
Crop farms today, require a high level of mechanization to prepare the fields for planting and harvesting. Listed below are the types of agricultural equipment, which are substantially crucial and necessary for quick and better cultivation of crops.
A tractor is the most important farm machinery in agriculture. Itâs intended for drawing, towing, pushing or pulling something which cannot propel itself, and often powering it too. It is specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort or torque at slow speeds, due to which it can easily haul machinery used in agriculture or construction. Agricultural implements can be towed behind or mounted on the tractor, and the tractor may also provide a source of power if the implement is mechanized.
The combine or combine harvester, is a machine that harvests grain crops. Itâs a machine that âcombinesâ the tasks of harvesting, threshing, and cleaning grain plants.
A cotton harvester is a machine that automates cotton harvesting. Mechanical cotton harvesters are of two types: Strippers and Pickers
A sprayer is a piece of agricultural equipment used primarily to apply herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers to agricultural crops. With the help of spray nozzles, this equipment is designed to spray various fertilizers covering a considerable amount of field. Sprayers range in size from type to self-propelled units similar to tractors with boom mounts of 60-151 feet in length.
A piece of farm machinery used to compress a cut and raked crop (such as hay, straw or silage) into compact bales that are easy to handle, transport and store is called as a baler. Several types of balers are used, and each of them produce a different type of bales – rectangular or cylindrical, of various sizes, bound with twine, wire or netting.
For stirring and pulverizing the soil, a field cultivator is a farm implement which is either used before planting or to remove weeds, and to aerate and loosen the soil after the crop has begun to grow. To prepare a proper seedbed for the crop to be planted into the soil, is the main function of the field cultivator. Along with that field cultivator helps bury crop residue in the soil (helping to warm the soil before planting), to control weeds, and to mix and incorporate the soil to ensure the following crop has enough water and nutrients to grow well during the growing season.
Disc harrow, chain harrow, chain disk harrow and tine harrow are the four general types of harrows. Horses, mules or oxen were the draft animals who were originally drawn for harrowing the fields. However, in todayâs generation, harrowing is mostly done by tractor-mounted implements, either trailed after the tractor via a drawbar or mounted on the three-point hitch.
Agricultural practices have become far more advanced than ever before. This modernization is chiefly because of the innovation of agricultural based equipment, which makes the entire agricultural process look easy. Well, to be honest, without these agricultural equipment, agricultural practices wonât only become boring, but also slow and daunting. To buy, sell or simply know more about agricultural equipment, heavy-duty trucks, vans, etc., get in touch with our professionals at Heavy Duty Direct, and they will guide you step-by-step.