Types of Excavators

Construction job sites are busy areas that entail intensive work to put up structures. A location will often be filled with scrap or plenty of excess material like soil or rocks, which requires clearing to start building anything. This initial step is often the most arduous process that requires all types of excavators to complete.

Different types of excavation equipment have to be employed on job sites to ensure workable environments. The extracted soil’s weight cannot be efficiently transported by light vehicles, making it a job for various excavator types. As a waste product of construction, excavation equipment must work hand-in-hand with other machinery to haul extracted materials away safely and following safety regulations. Here are five different excavator types that are most commonly used in most construction order sites:

– Crawlers

Crawlers are exceptional in mining sites and for entrenchments. These machines use a chain track system to move around harsh terrain. The lack of wheels makes it more stable on various surfaces and slopes, with a hydraulic system to lift soil and debris with ease. Hills are more accessible with the chain tracks, as they are less likely to slide and slip than driving a heavy wheeled vehicle on unstable terrain. However, they are slower than other excavation equipment because the tracks are sluggish. 

– Suction Variants

These excavator types use a high-pressure vacuum to work on underground projects using a pipe that pushes out 400 horsepower. The line releases a water jet to loosen the earth around the site and contains sharp teeth that quickly carry away soil. Working with a delicate soil layer can reduce the damages done by over half than the other types of machines. 

– Dragline Machines

Underwater projects, roads, and highways utilize dragline excavator types. This machine uses a hoist rope with a hoist coupler with a bucket attached to it. The bucket has another side fixed to a dragline to pull it towards the cab of the excavator. They are big machines often assembled on the job site, which are essential for massive industrial and civil engineering works and projects. 

– Long Reach Arm Excavator Types

These excavators use an extendable and telescoping arm that has improved operation ranges. They are useful in hard-to-reach areas and can reach over a hundred feet horizontally. Demolishing buildings and breaking walls typically use these excavator types. When working with something over a body of water, the arm’s extension range makes it easier to conduct operations. There are also various attachments, such as shears and other components that can help with crushing and cutting different materials. 

– Skid Steer Excavators

Skid steer models use a bucket that is facing forward to remove debris from a site. These are unlike standard variants because they have booms and buckets that face away from the operator, which allows them to reach over things. This machine’s orientation makes them best used for narrow spaces and making tricky turns. Job sites that are digging pools, clearing out debris, crafting residential areas and others with limited space can use skid steer excavators. 


The different types of excavation equipment have various applications. Each serves a unique purpose and will fit better depending on the job site at hand. Choosing the right excavation types will ensure a well-oiled job site that is effective and efficient at removing debris and dirt to complete projects. 

Heavy Duty Direct is a premium supplier of trucks, trailers, heavy machinery and industrial operations equipment. With a wide variety of all kinds of excavators and international machinery in Canada, there is always something ready for all entities who wish to get into industrial work. Contact us to learn more about our products and services.