The maintenance of garbage trucks should be a thorough, deliberate process and not just a routine formality. Due to its unique functional requirements, certain garbage truck components may not be readily available with any local heavy equipment dealer, making downtimes lengthier than necessary. Hence, as an owner, you should take appropriate steps to maintain all sub-systems of your garbage truck. The maintenance procedure for a garbage truck should be similar to that of any other commercial truck, with the added maintenance requirements of the hydraulic and compactor systems. Here’s how you should go about maintaining your garbage truck to ensure optimal performance and an extended operational life.
The powertrain mainly includes the engine, the transmission system and the axles of the truck, which generate and transmit the power required to move the truck and its load. The engine and transmission should be regularly checked for performance issues and any problems discovered should be addressed quickly. The levels of different fluids such as coolants and lubricants should be checked and maintained at ideal levels. Regular testing of your Engine Control Modules(ECM) for proper calibration should also be a part of your maintenance checklist, especially if you have replaced other components of your powertrain system.
Maintaining your tires at optimal pressure levels is also essential to ensure the overall efficient performance of the garbage vehicle. In addition to following these steps, you should also be aware of solutions to common truck problems.
A well-functioning hydraulics system allows efficient and easy maneuvering of the load carried by the garbage truck. The major components of the hydraulic system are the hydraulic pumps, the cylinders, delivery valves and the hydraulic fluid. Every component should be examined to ensure smooth, coordinated functioning of the system. The volumetric efficiency of the hydraulic pumps should be measured, and the tubes should be checked for leakages and sealed as required. The hydraulic fluid should be checked for the presence of any foreign particles and any other inconsistencies. If required, the hydraulic fluid should be replaced.
The compactor is the component that distinguishes garbage trucks from other commercial trucks, and the one that contributes the most to its unique function. A compactor enables the garbage truck to collect and carry garbage by minimizing its volume. This requires a wide range of movement which entails the requirement of a number of joint and sliding surfaces. These joints and surfaces should be checked for adequate lubrication to minimize metal-to-metal contact and friction, which could lead to major wear and tear. All the containing surfaces should also be checked regularly for deformation due to excessive and prolonged exposure to stress. Since garbage compactor bodies are not as common as other truck components, special care must be taken in their maintenance.
Periodically performing maintenance will ensure the prevention of major repair and overhaul in the future, which may cost more. If you follow these steps and discover that your garbage truck or components need replacing, it might be time for you to consider investing in new trucks and parts on sale.