The Beothuk aboriginals settled on the island of Newfoundland around 200 AD. They were tall, strong people with black hair which was braided, particularly at the back of their head. Similar to other indigenous tribes of the period, they dressed in animal hides and hunted with bows and arrows. The Indians covered their clothes, weapons, and bodies with a mixture of red ochre and oil because they believed the ochre had life-giving power. The oil and red ochre mixture protected them from insects in the summer and cold in the winter. They lived off the riches of the sea. It is believed that at one time more than a thousand Beothuk inhabited the island of Newfoundland.